Credit-card fee settlement sent for U.S. judge's approval

Fri Oct 19, 2012 5:52pm EDT
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By Jessica Dye

NEW YORK (Reuters) - A proposed $7.2 billion settlement between merchants and Visa Inc and Mastercard Inc over credit-card fees was submitted Friday for approval by a federal judge, setting in motion what will be a contentious and closely watched battle over the fate of the potentially historic pact.

If it receives preliminary and then final approval from U.S. District Judge John Gleeson in Brooklyn, it would be the largest federal antitrust settlement in U.S. history, resolving seven years of price-fixing litigation brought on behalf of nearly 8 million merchants.

Visa, Mastercard and banks that issue their cards would pay $6.05 billion and offer $1.2 billion in temporary relief on interchange, or swipe, fees paid by merchants to process credit and debit transactions. The card companies will also revise their no-surcharge rules to let stores charge customers extra for paying with certain cards.

Since it was announced in July, the proposal has been opposed by some of the largest U.S. retailers, including Wal-Mart Stores Inc, and trade groups like the National Retail Federation. Ten of the 19 original stores and trade groups leading the litigation have also come out in opposition. They have argued that the settlement offers no meaningful reform and would force them to give up the right to sue over swipe fees in the future.

"The lawyers and handful of retailers who support the settlement do not represent the retail industry," said Mallory Duncan, senior vice-president and general counsel for the National Retail Federation.

Despite the criticism, the settlement submitted for approval on Friday was not substantively revised, according to Craig Wildfang, a lawyer representing merchants who favor the deal.

"We think the settlement is way over the bar for preliminary approval," Wildfang said.

Some merchants supporting the settlement, including a group of about 20 mostly large drug-store and grocery chains like Kroger Co, say it would allow them to communicate directly with customers about swipe fees.   Continued...

MasterCard and VISA credit cards are seen in this illustrative photograph taken in Hong Kong December 8, 2010. REUTERS/Bobby Yip