China Oct PMIs point to cooling economic momentum, growth target at risk

Mon Nov 3, 2014 2:05am EST
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By Kevin Yao and Xiaoyi Shao

BEIJING (Reuters) - China's economy lost further momentum heading into the fourth quarter as a cooling property market weighed on activity and export demand softened, surveys showed on Monday, putting Beijing's official target for the year at even greater risk.

Analysts had already expected full-year growth to miss the goal of around 7.5 percent, but many thought there may be some signs of stabilization in the world's second-largest economy late in the year after a flurry of stimulus measures.

Instead, the surveys showed demand at home and abroad continued to cool and the labor market remained under stress, while adding to fears that many companies are being starved of credit as banks grow more reluctant to lend.

And measures announced in late September to shore up the slumping housing market so far seem to be having little effect, reinforcing expectations that Beijing will have to stump up more support.

"Growth momentum is slowing going into the fourth quarter," said Kevin Lai, senior economist at Daiwa Capital Markets in Hong Kong.

"Exports were quite strong the last couple of months but that was mostly driven by electronics demand. So the orders for iPhones etc. have cooled down again. Europe and Japan are still struggling, so that is not good news."

Growth in China's services sector slipped to a nine-month low of 53.8 in October, the weakest reading since January, from September's 54.0, the National Bureau of Statistics said.

It was still comfortably above the 50-point mark that separates growth from contraction, but readings on areas such as real estate and employment continued to shrink.   Continued...

An overpass is seen under construction as a train travels past in Wuhan, Hubei province, October 24, 2014. REUTERS/Stringer/Files