Applied Materials scraps Tokyo Electron takeover on U.S. antitrust concerns
By Emi Emoto and Junko Fujita
TOKYO (Reuters) - U.S.-based Applied Materials Inc (AMAT.O: Quote) on Monday scrapped its $10 billion planned takeover of chip-making gear rival Tokyo Electron Ltd (8035.T: Quote) after the deal, a rare foreign bid for a Japanese firm, fell foul of U.S. anti-trust regulators.
The all-share purchase would have combined the No.1 and No. 3 makers of the equipment that makes semiconductor chips into a group with a stock market value of more than $38.5 billion.
Tokyo Electron said both companies gave up on the deal after more than 18 months of talks after it became clear that differences with the U.S. Justice Department could not be bridged.
The reasons for the regulator's decision were not immediately clear, but California-based Applied Materials said the U.S. authorities had deemed insufficient a proposal to address antitrust concerns.
"We must take with humility the result that we could not convince the regulators," Tokyo Electron Chief Executive Tetsuro Higashi told reporters. "The termination of the merger is a very regrettable outcome, but it does no good to mourn."
Applied Materials, Tokyo Electron and No. 2 maker, ASML Holding NV ASML.AS, hold 49 percent of the global market, according to market research firm Gartner, in an industry where the rising cost of developing chips, coupled with slowing semiconductor demand, are forcing alliances and acquisitions.
The pan-Pacific deal, announced in September 2013, would have been a rarity because the combined entity would have been listed in New York and Tokyo but incorporated in the Netherlands, home of ASML.
Analysts had initially expected the takeover, aimed at spurring profit growth in both companies, to stand up to regulatory scrutiny. Continued...