Mexico says labor reforms could improve NAFTA, tackle migration fears

Wed Nov 23, 2016 2:26pm EST
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By David Ljunggren

OTTAWA (Reuters) - Labor market reforms could both improve the North American Free Trade Agreement and help address U.S. concerns about illegal immigration from Mexico, a senior Mexican official said on Wednesday.

U.S. President-elect Donald Trump has vowed to tear up or renegotiate NAFTA - a trade pact under which Mexico and Canada send a large majority of their exports to the United States - and also says he will expel illegal immigrants.

Canada and Mexico have said they are prepared to negotiate improvements to the deal.

"NAFTA could get even better ... There are so many things we can add to NAFTA and certainly labor (is an issue) we would like to put on the table," said Paulo Carreno, Mexico's deputy foreign minister responsible for North America.

Mexican politicians argue that if the United States allowed more people in on regulated seasonal permits, there would be less illegal immigration to the U.S.

Carreno said NAFTA could benefit from a measure like Canada's Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program, which allow farms to hire temporary foreign laborers during planting and harvesting seasons.

This could help the dairy industry in states like Wisconsin, some of which rely heavily on migrant farm labor, he added.

"I'm sure that's something the U.S. industries would be happy to have - a more controlled way of having a work force, which they want," Carreno said in an interview on the sidelines of a meeting between senior Mexican and Canadian officials.   Continued...

Paulo Carreno, Mexican deputy foreign minister in charge of North America, gestures during an interview in Mexico City, Mexico, June 9, 2016. REUTERS/Edgard Garrido