Open up to our beer, EU to tell Japan in trade talks

Wed Nov 19, 2014 6:33am EST
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By Robin Emmott

BRUSSELS (Reuters) - Japan needs to open up its beer market to European exports if Tokyo and Brussels are to agree one of the world's biggest free trade deals next year, according to an EU document prepared for the next round of talks in December.

Japan and the European Union are seeking to strike a deal at the end of 2015 but EU countries including France and Germany question Tokyo's willingness to change often little-known rules and product specifications that Europe says serve as trade barriers.

At an eighth round of talks on Dec. 8, EU negotiators will tell their Japanese counterparts that more rules governing the import of alcoholic beverages need to change, and EU negotiators will seek to change Japan's definition of what constitutes beer.

"For beer, the impact on trade is rather significant," said the EU document obtained by Reuters.

"Many of the European beers cannot be marketed as beers in Japan because of insufficient -- according to the Japanese legislation -- malt content or because they have some ingredients such as coriander," it said.

Coriander seeds are used in Belgian and German wheat beers to add a citrus flavor.

Japan's beer market is the world's third largest in terms of profit generation but is dominated by domestic producers Kirin 2503.T, Asahi 2502.T, Sapporo 2501.T and Suntory [SUNTH.UL]. Europeans have a negligible presence, with joint ventures allowing local production of premium beers such as Heineken HEIN.AS.

European industry believes Japan has special regulations on everything from beer to music and imported cars.   Continued...

A waiter tastes a beer ahead of an Anheuser-Busch InBev shareholders meeting in Brussels April 30, 2014.           REUTERS/Yves Herman