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(Reuters) - Caterpillar Inc (CAT.N) slashed its 2015 revenue forecast on Thursday and said it will cut as many as 10,000 jobs through 2018, joining a list of big U.S. industrial companies grappling with the mining and energy downturn.
Shares of Caterpillar tumbled as much as 8 percent to a five-year low, pulling down the sector and knocking as much as 37 points off the Dow Jones industrial average .DJI.
Over the past year, miners and energy companies have chopped budgets and put expansion projects on hold as prices of raw materials such as crude oil, copper, coal and iron ore have plunged to six-year lows amid lingering worries about oversupplies and China’s slowing economic growth. As a result, orders for equipment have dried up.
Peoria, Illinois-based Caterpillar, the world's biggest construction and mining equipment maker, has also been hit by a slowdown in industrial activity in China.
S&P Capital IQ analyst Jim Corridore termed the restructuring "a strong reaction" to market conditions.
"The company has shown a lack of revenue growth in the last few years (and) earnings are in a decline," he said. "That definitely puts pressure on the CEO to find a way to react to the environment, which at this time shows no near-term catalyst for improvement."
Earlier this month, mining equipment maker Joy Global Inc JOY.N issued a profit warning as it struggled to adapt to slowing demand for its services.
Deere & Co (DE.N), the world's largest maker of farm equipment, announced layoffs of more than 900 plant employees in January as declining grain prices have hurt demand for agricultural machinery.
Caterpillar had raised its 2015 profit forecast in April and affirmed it in July.
"That they had hung in with their guidance for so long was probably the most surprising, given the ... accumulating evidence around them that things were slowing," said Morningstar analyst Kwame Webb.
Caterpillar expects revenue to fall in 2015 for the third straight year, to $48 billion, below the average analyst estimate of $48.82 billion, as compiled by Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S.
For 2016, the company forecast a 5 percent revenue decline, mainly in higher-margin products, to about $45.6 billion. Analysts had expected $47.36 billion.
Caterpillar said it will update its 2015 profit forecast when it releases third-quarter results in late October. It expects to provide a 2016 earnings outlook in January.
"We are facing a convergence of challenging marketplace conditions in key regions and industry sectors - namely in mining and energy," Chief Executive Officer Doug Oberhelman said in a statement.
Caterpillar's announcement was no surprise to Bill Hickey, president of Chicago-based steel-mill operator Lapham-Hickey, which supplies the company's road construction and road equipment operations.
"There is way, way too much capacity worldwide, and the question is, how long will the cycle last?" he said. "Our best guess is that there is going to be oversupply on steel and other commodities until maybe late next year.”
Caterpillar said it will cut 4,000 to 5,000 jobs by the end of 2016, most of them coming in 2015. It has already reduced its workforce by more than 31,000 since mid-2012.
The company had 114,233 employees as of Dec. 31, 2014 according to Thomson Reuters data.
Caterpillar expects to incur about $2 billion in pretax costs from the restructuring and save about $1.5 billion annually.
Caterpillar said it might close or consolidate more than 20 plants around the world across its three large businesses - construction, resources, and energy and transportation.
"2016 would mark the first time in Caterpillar's 90-year history that sales and revenues have decreased four years in a row," the company said in a statement.
It last reported annual revenue growth in 2012, the first full year after it bought heavy equipment maker Bucyrus International Inc in its largest acquisition ever.
Caterpillar's 2015 revenue forecast represents a 27 percent drop from 2012. Wall Street's net income outlook for this year is 50 percent lower than the company's 2012 profit.
Shares of Caterpillar, which already had fallen 23 percent this year, were down 6.3 percent at $65.81 in afternoon trading. The S&P Industrials Index .SPLRCI fell 0.7 percent.
The company's market value was about $39 billion on Thursday, down from nearly $60 billion at the end of 2012.
Reporting by Meredith Davis and Nick Carey in Chicago, and Ankit Ajmera and Sweta Singh in Bengaluru; Writing by Lisa Von Ahn; Editing by Kirti Pandey and Jeffrey Benkoe