EU asks U.S. firms to play ball on privacy for data pact to work

Mon Feb 29, 2016 10:41am EST
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By Julia Fioretti

BRUSSELS (Reuters) - Europe sought to plug a gap in a new transatlantic data pact on Monday by urging U.S. firms to allow European Union privacy regulators to police compliance with the new rules.

Brussels and Washington clinched a deal earlier this month on a new data transfer framework aimed at helping firms from both blocs seamlessly shuffle data between continents.

They said the deal, which was two years in the making and replaces a previous agreement struck down for failing to adequately protect Europeans' data, underpins $260 billion in digital services trade across the Atlantic.

Companies shuffle data from Europe to the United States to complete routine activities such as credit card transactions and hotel bookings. Data transfers also underpin the business models of technology companies such as Google (GOOGL.O: Quote) and Facebook (FB.O: Quote) which collect users' data to deliver targeted ads

While companies transferring human resources data will be forced to comply with European Union privacy watchdogs' decisions in disputes, for other companies it is voluntary.

However, the new "Privacy Shield" will be subject to an annual review to ensure companies moving data to the United States are abiding by EU data protection standards and the U.S. government is not conducting mass indiscriminate surveillance.

The previous framework, Safe Harbour, was quashed by a top EU court last year after revelations about U.S. government surveillance caused a political backlash in Europe.

To help substantiate that U.S. government access to data is usually targeted and avoid a suspension by the EU of the new framework, the European Commission urged U.S. companies to release aggregate figures of government access requests and submit to oversight by EU data protection authorities.   Continued...

A Facebook logo on an Ipad is reflected among source code on the LCD screen of a computer, in this photo illustration taken in Sarajevo June 18, 2014. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic