The identity crisis that led to Yahoo's demise
By Jonathan Weber and Jeffrey Dastin
SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - When senior Yahoo executives gathered at a San Jose hotel for a management retreat in the spring of 2006, there was no outward sign of a company in crisis.
The internet pioneer, not yet a teenager, had just finished the prior year with $1.9 billion in profits on $5.3 billion in revenue. The tough days of the dot-com bust were a distant memory, and Yahoo Inc (YHOO.O: Quote), flush with lucrative advertising deals from the world's biggest brands, was enjoying its run as one of the top dogs in the world's hottest industry.
But for one retreat exercise, everyone was asked to say what word came to mind when a company name was mentioned. They went through the list: eBay: auctions. Google: search. Intel: microprocessors. Microsoft: Windows.
Then they were asked to write down their answer for Yahoo.
"It was all over the map," recalled Brad Garlinghouse, then a Yahoo senior vice president and now COO of payment settlement start-up Ripple Labs. "Some people said mail. Some people said news. Some people said search."
While some executives said this was a useful management exercise that took place multiple times over the years, it proved an ominous portent of the business troubles to come.
Indeed, the demise of Yahoo, which culminated in an agreement this week to sell the company's core assets to Verizon Communications Inc VZ.N, has been more than a decade in the making. Many of the more than two dozen former Yahoo managers interviewed by Reuters over the past two weeks -- who now occupy executives suites elsewhere in Silicon Valley -- agree that the company's downfall can be traced to choices made by both the executive leadership and the board of directors during the company's heyday in the mid-2000s.
Some of the missed opportunities are obvious: a failed bid to buy Facebook Inc (FB.O: Quote) for $1 billion in 2006. A 2002 dalliance with Google (GOOGL.O: Quote) similarly came to naught. A chance to acquire YouTube came and went. Skype was snapped up by eBay Inc (EBAY.O: Quote). And Microsoft Corp's (MSFT.O: Quote) nearly $45 billion takeover bid for all of Yahoo in 2008 was blocked by Yahoo's leadership. Continued...