UPDATE 1-Canada aboriginal group picks new chief; development in spotlight

Wed Dec 10, 2014 4:57pm EST
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(Adds quotes from speech, background on projects and court decisions)

By Rod Nickel

WINNIPEG, Manitoba Dec 10 (Reuters) - Canada's main aboriginal group elected a new chief on Wednesday who pledged to oppose development of pipelines, mines and other resource projects unless they provide a "fair share" of benefits for often impoverished natives.

Perry Bellegarde, head of the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations, was elected chief of the national Assembly of First Nations (AFN), getting 62.7 percent support on the first ballot from delegates at a convention in Winnipeg. He will serve a 3-1/2-year term.

As did the other two candidates, Bellegarde endorsed aboriginal control of their lands and resources and the importance of getting their consent for development, though he was seen as the most willing to work collaboratively with the federal government.

"We will no longer accept poverty and hopelessness while resource companies and governments grow fat off our land and territories and resources," Bellegarde said in his first speech as leader of the often fractious group.

"If our lands and resources are to be developed it will be done only with our fair share of the royalties, with our ownership of the resources and jobs for our people. It will be done on our terms and our timeline."

Canada's 1.4 million aboriginals have clashed with industry and the government in recent years over development of crude oil pipelines, mines and other resource projects on their traditional territories.

Bellegarde replaces Shawn Atleo, who resigned in May amid criticism he was too close to Canada's Conservative prime minister, Stephen Harper, undermining the AFN's credibility.   Continued...