TIMELINE-Deals, and doubts, mark Valeant's acquisition history

Mon Oct 26, 2015 7:03pm EDT
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Oct 26 (Reuters) - Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc laid out a defense of its relationship with a specialty pharmacy on Monday, but failed to dispel all investor concerns.

The drugmaker is in the spotlight over its pricing and accounting practices and overall strategy of a rapid acquisition-driven expansion and aggressive drug price hikes.

Following is a summary of key events in Valeant's history:

December 2007: Biovail Corp of Canada, Valeant's predecessor, pays $138 million to settle a shareholder lawsuit accusing it of making false statements to inflate its stock price. February 2008: California-based Valeant Pharmaceuticals International names McKinsey & Co veteran and pharmaceutical acquisitions expert Michael Pearson as its CEO. It buys Coria Laboratories for $95 million and Australia's DermaTech for $12.6 million that year.

March 2008: The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission charges Biovail Corp, its former CEO, and three other senior executives with fraudulent accounting and making a series of misstatements to analysts and investors. January 2009: Valeant buys Dow Pharmaceutical Sciences Inc, a maker of topical dermatology products, for $285 million and buys Mexican generic drugmaker Tecnofarma. May 2010: Valeant buys Aton Pharmaceuticals, a New Jersey-based maker of ophthalmology products, for $318 million.

Sept 2010: Valeant is acquired by Biovail in a reverse merger. Pearson becomes CEO of the combined company with an annual revenue of $1.75 billion. It takes Valeant's name and is incorporated in Canada, where Valeant predicts to have a 10-15 percent tax rate, far below the U.S. levels.

2011: Valeant settles a civil lawsuit brought by the SEC accusing Biovail of accounting fraud. It boosts its presence in Central and Eastern Europe by snapping up Switzerland-based generic company PharmaSwiss for $481 million; AB Sanitas of Lithuania for about $500 million; Canada's Afexa Life Sciences and Sanofi SA's dermatology unit Dermik. However, its $5.7 billion unsolicited bid for U.S. biotech Cephalon loses to an almost $7 billion offer from Israeli drugmaker Teva Pharmaceutical Industries.

2012: Valeant buys Medicis Pharmaceutical Corp for $2.6 billion, acquiring anti-wrinkle medicines and facial fillers that compete with Allergan Inc's market-leading portfolio.

April 2013: Valeant offers more than $13 billion in stock for smaller U.S. rival Actavis Inc, but merger talks collapse.   Continued...