UPDATE 2-Hedge fund manager Ackman still betting against Herbalife

Thu Jul 14, 2016 3:45pm EDT
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NEW YORK, July 14 (Reuters) - Billionaire investor Bill Ackman said on Thursday that he was still betting against Herbalife Ltd shares and that the company needed to make "material changes to its incentive structure."

Ackman has waged a four-year campaign against Herbalife, making a $1 billion short bet against it in 2012 and accusing it of running a pyramid scheme which pays members more for recruiting new members than for selling the company's supplements and weight-loss products.

Short sellers borrow securities to sell on the belief that the price will decline and allow them to be repurchased for less later.

Ackman, the founder and chief executive of Pershing Square Capital Management, said in a CNBC interview that the cost on carry of his $1 billion bet is about $20 million.

Ackman said he also believed Herbalife and the government were "quite close" to resolving a regulatory investigation into whether the company was operating a pyramid scheme.

Ackman, said that regardless of the outcome, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission probe was unlikely to end well for the company because its business model is not built upon actual retail sales.

"The incentives of the Herbalife marketing plan, the only way you can make money at Herbalife ... is by recruiting other people very heavily and getting them to invest thousands and thousands of dollars," Ackman said. "That is the only hope you have of making money. And that's because of how the incentive of the marketing plan work."

Herbalife did not immediately return requests for comment.   Continued...