UPDATE 1-China and Turkey fall behind in global corruption index
* Transparency International publishes annual list of graft
* Corruption appears to worsen in Turkey, China - study shows
* Ukraine has highest perceived level of graft in Europe
* Greece, Italy and Romania the EU's lowest-ranked states (Adds Chinese government comment)
By Michael Nienaber
BERLIN, Dec 3 (Reuters) - Turkey and China's rating on perceived corruption has fallen steeply, according to Transparency International (TI), and the global watchdog called for closer international cooperation to root out graft and abuses of power.
Transparency International issues an annual report measuring perceptions of graft rather than actual levels given the secrecy surrounding most corrupt dealings. It uses a scale where 100 stands for the most clean and 0 for the most corrupt.
The Berlin-based organisation published its 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index of 175 countries on Wednesday and it showed Turkey's record had worsened the most precipitously in 2014, dropping by five points to 45.
A corruption scandal broke out in Turkey in late December last year, the worst since the Islamist-rooted AK Party came to power more than a decade ago. Continued...