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TORONTO (Reuters) - General Motors Corp would have to provide adequate warning if it planned to file for bankruptcy protection or it would risk bringing further distress to the automotive industry, Canada's industry minister said on Monday.
GM's Chief Executive Fritz Henderson said earlier in the day that the automaker has already told bondholders that it would miss a $1 billion debt payment on June 1 and that bankruptcy protection was looking more probable.
"One of the options that is clearly on the table is a scheduled, surgical Chapter 11/CCAA process where they go in, some changes are made, and they go out again," Industry Minister Tony Clement told reporters.
CCAA, or the Companies' Creditors Arrangement Act, is Canada's counterpart to Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the United States.
"What we've always said is that if Chapter 11/CCAA is inevitable, what we don't want to see happening is that that process just happens all of a sudden without warning, because that's the biggest risk for our auto parts suppliers and dealers and so forth," Clement said.
To qualify for billions of dollars in government aid, GM has until the end of the month to secure major concessions from its stakeholders and come up with a business plan that Washington and Ottawa find acceptable.
With or without bankruptcy protection, GM will need to prove its viability in order to receive government loans, Clement said.
One of GM's fellow Detroit-based automakers, Chrysler, filed for bankruptcy protection in the United States on April 30, but it has not done so in Canada. The company expects to emerge from Chapter 11 in 30 to 60 days.
The Canadian Auto Workers union said recently after a meeting with the GM and the Canadian government that GM was likely to seek Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, as well as CCAA bankruptcy protection.
Clement said that the longer the uncertainty at Chrysler and GM continues, the longer consumer confidence in the auto industry would suffer.
He said the Canadian government was looking at the possibility of implementing a "cash for clunkers" program, similar to what the U.S. government is looking at.
The U.S. plan currently winding its way through Congress would give consumers up to $3,500 for cars at least eight years old to be used toward the cost of newer, more fuel efficient vehicles.
Clement said his office was also looking for ideas in scrappage plans in France, Germany, and Australia.
Reporting by John McCrank; Editing by Frank McGurty