Italian films tackle immigration at Venice fest

Mon Sep 5, 2011 8:38am EDT
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By Silvia Aloisi

VENICE, Italy (Reuters) - Immigration in Italy is a big theme at the Venice film festival this year, with several home-grown movies taking a critical look at how the country's authorities and its people are struggling to deal with a growing wave of newcomers.

The issue could hardly be more topical in a year when tens of thousands of illegal immigrants fleeing political turmoil in North Africa and civil war in Libya have arrived in Italy and hundreds more have drowned at sea.

"Terraferma," or "Mainland," by director Emanuele Crialese, explores how the lives of a fisherman and his family on a remote island off the Sicilian coast are transformed when they rescue a pregnant Ethiopian woman at sea and hide her in their house.

The film, which is in the main competition at the festival, tells a fictional story and does not identify the island, but its cast includes a real-life former migrant who survived the perilous sea journey and could easily be set in Lampedusa -- a scrap of Italian land on the southernmost edge of Europe that has borne the brunt of arrivals from Tunisia and Libya.

The number of Africans risking their lives to cross the Mediterranean on rickety boats often outnumbered Lampedusa's population of around 5,000 this year, turning it into an open-air makeshift refugee camp where the migrants were left to fend for themselves and locals felt abandoned by the state.

In Terraferma, veteran fisherman Ernesto only knows the law of the sea -- he feels a moral obligation to help people in rough waters, whatever the authorities might say.

But some in his poor family are not so convinced. The in-flow of illegal immigrants is ruining the island's reputation as a tourist paradise, and the coastguard punishes locals who do not report the migrants to the police by seizing their boats.

Crialese decided to make the film in 2009, after reading the story of an African woman who was one of only five survivors on a crammed boat that spent 21 days drifting at sea without assistance before running aground on Lampedusa.   Continued...

<p>Director Emanuele Crialese points as he poses during a photocall for his film "Terraferma" at the 68th Venice Film Festival September 4, 2011. REUTERS/Alessandro Bianchi</p>