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TEHRAN (Reuters) - Iranian security forces fired warning shots in Tehran on Monday and beat opposition protesters among thousands seeking to renew their challenge to the government six months after a disputed election, witnesses said.
The security forces fired shots into the air as they clashed with supporters of opposition leader Mirhossein Mousavi at a state rally marking the killing of three students under the former Shah, the reformist website Mowjcamp said.
"Security forces are beating demonstrators, men and women. Some of them are injured and bleeding," said one witness in Tehran's central Haft-e Tir square.
The June 12 presidential election, which secured President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's re-election, sparked Iran's worst unrest since the Islamic revolution three decades ago and exposed deep divisions in the establishment. Authorities deny allegations of vote-rigging.
Journalists working for foreign media were told by officials not to leave their offices to cover stories from Monday until Wednesday, but witnesses told Reuters hundreds of riot police battled protesters in various Tehran squares to disperse them.
"Some people who took part in illegal gatherings on Monday have been arrested by police," said Tehran general prosecutor Abbas Jafari Dolatabadi, the semi-official Fars new agency reported. "They are being interrogated."
He did not specify how many people had been arrested.
Witnesses said some of the Tehran protesters chanted "death to the dictator".
Authorities also shut down the mobile phone network in central Tehran to stop opposition protesters from contacting each other, the reformist website Rah-e Sabz said.
The opposition, which mainly relies on websites or mobile phone text messages to reach supporters, held similar protests sparking clashes with police in September and November.
"I saw at least 10 people being arrested and taken to minibuses," said one witness, while another said police fired teargas at demonstrators in Vali-ye Asr Square.
"Security forces shot into the air to disperse demonstrators in the Enqelab square," the Mowjcamp website said, adding at least two women were among those arrested.
Mowjcamp reported that 20 protesters had been arrested in the central town of Najafabad.
Security measures taken by the authorities on "Student Day" displayed their determination to uproot the opposition movement, which Mousavi said on Sunday would continue despite pressure.
The official IRNA news agency confirmed the clashes, calling protesters "rioters".
Iran's Revolutionary Guards and their Basij militia allies had warned the opposition not to use the rally to revive protests against the clerical establishment that took place after the June vote.
Riot police surrounded Tehran University, where the main state rally was held, to try to prevent opposition protests.
"Police have covered metal bars around Tehran University campus with white cloth to prevent passers-by from seeing inside," said a witness.
Internet connections were slow or completely down on Monday as had been the case in the past few days.
University students, who form a core of the opposition movement in Iran, urged people to join them. Reformist websites said anti-government protests were held inside at least three other universities.
The moderate Amirkabir website said police prevented students from leaving the university to join protests in other universities. "Students are chanting Mirhossein we support you."
Mousavi encouraged his supporters on Sunday to take to the streets, saying Ahmadinejad could not remain in power by ignoring people's votes, the Kaleme website reported.
The Mowjcamp website reported that dozens of students had been arrested in Tehran and other cities in recent days.
The Basij, alongside the Revolutionary Guards who are a key powerbase for Ahmadinejad, put down the June protests and arrested thousands of people.
Most have since been freed, but more than 80 have so far been sentenced to up to 15 years jail and five people have been sentenced to death.
The reformist opposition says more than 70 people were killed in the post-election violence. Officials say the death toll was half that and included Basij militiamen.
Also on Monday, the government banned the pro-reform Hayat-e No newspapers for violating laws, Fars reported without elaborating. (Writing by Parisa Hafezi; Editing by Angus MacSwan)