Waterloo: Napoleon's last battle, 200 years on
BRUSSELS (Reuters) - Ceremonies and re-enactments will mark this week's bicentenary of the Battle of Waterloo.
This is what happened in 1815:
"THE 100 DAYS"
Exiled on Elba, off Italy, after defeat the previous year by the four allied powers -- Austria, Russia, Prussia and Britain -- Napoleon escaped on Feb. 26. He was back in Paris on March 20, 1815, and reinstalled as emperor. King Louis XVIII, brother of Louis XVI, who had been executed by revolutionaries in 1793, had fled.
With the allies preparing to attack, Napoleon marched north to pre-empt the British and Dutch, under the Duke of Wellington, linking up with the Prussians. He crossed the Dutch border into what is now Belgium early on June 15 with 105,000 men. On June 16, his forces beat Marshal Bluecher's Prussians at Ligny and forced Wellington's soldiers back at nearby Quatre-Bras.