November 18, 2015 / 12:37 PM / 2 years ago

Mali's famous bazin cloth seen as path to better lives

3 Min Read

BAMAKO (Reuters) - Gasps of delight filled the convention hall as models, decked out in Mali's signature bazin fabric in crimson reds, indigoes and neon greens, strutted the catwalk.

Musicians from across the West African nation provided the soundtrack.

Bazin, a polished, heavy cotton fabric with a distinctive sheen, is extremely popular across the region and is worn at almost all formal occasions in Mali.

“If you show up to a marriage without wearing bazin, you might as well not show up at all,” said Baba Sereme, a designer known for his bazin suits for men, hand-dyed elaborate color schemes.

The annual Festi’Bazin, held in late October in the riverside capital Bamako, showcased the cloth and featured designers from Senegal, Mali, Niger and Morocco. However its focus was as much on improving the lives of people in one of the world's poorest countries as it was on fashion.

"The bazin industry is great because you don't need to go to school to be a designer or stylist or dyer or tailor. Creativity is something you don't learn. It's something you're born with," said Aminata Bocoum, Festi'Bazin's founder.

While many Malians, particularly women, sell bazin or tailor clothing from it, the country produces none of the cloth it consumes despite being one of Africa's top growers of cotton.

Instead it imports finished bazin, also called damask, from Germany, Austria, and increasingly China.

Bocoum wants those companies to build factories in her homeland.

Mali is still struggling to emerge from several years of political turmoil highlighted by an ethnic Tuareg uprising, a 2012 coup, and a year-long occupation of its vast desert north by Islamist militants, some with links to al Qaeda.

Economic growth fell to zero in 2012, dealing a vicious blow to Malians, nearly 78 percent of whom live on less than $2 a day according to the United Nations.

A 2013 French military intervention and subsequent elections have restored a semblance of order, though sporadic violence persists. And as life slowly gets back to normal, Malians are looking to get back to work.

A rapidly growing cottage industry of artisans already hand-dyes the cloth in bright colors and patterns, increasing the sale value by up to 40 percent, Bocoum said.

But she believes that building factories and encouraging production of the cloth itself could also help industrialize Mali's largely agrarian economy, creating much-needed jobs.

"It's not likely to happen in one or two years, or even 10 years, but it will happen at some point ... If we have the factory, we'll have the whole production chain," Bocoum said. "Mali, the biggest bazin producer in the world, this is what I dream of."

Editing by Joe Bavier Editing by Jeremy Gaunt

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