FACTBOX: Nobel medicine prize - Who are the winners?
(Reuters) - Harald zur Hausen won the 2008 Nobel prize for medicine or physiology for his discovery of "human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer". The other half was jointly won by Francoise Barre-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier for their discovery of "human immunodeficiency virus" Sweden's Karolinska Institute said on Monday.
Here are some details about the winners:
* LUC MONTAGNIER:
-- He was born 1932 in France, and gained a PhD in virology at the University of Paris. He became a Professor emeritus and Director, World Foundation for AIDS Research and Prevention in Paris.
-- In the years before the onset of the AIDS epidemic, Montagnier made many significant discoveries concerning the nature of viruses. He made major contributions to the understanding of how viruses can alter the genetic information of host organisms, and significantly advanced cancer research.
-- His investigation of interferon, one of the body's defenses against viruses, also opened avenues for medical cures for viral diseases. Montagnier's ongoing research focuses on the search for an AIDS vaccine or cure.
* FRANCOISE BARRE-SINOUSSI:
-- She was born in 1947 in France and gained a PhD in virology at the Institut Pasteur in Garches, France.
-- She joined the Pasteur Institute in Paris in the early 1970s, and has been an outstanding leader in the field of retrovirology for many years. Continued...