Rare letter find in Scotland before Burns' night

Mon Jan 24, 2011 11:04am EST
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By Ian MacKenzie

EDINBURGH (Reuters Life!) - Staff at a castle in Scotland have discovered a rare letter including the first draft of a poem by Robert Burns 222 years after he posted it.

The letter -- which includes a draft of "On Seeing a Wounded Hare" -- surfaced at Floors Castle in the Scottish borders on the eve of celebrations marking the birth of Scotland's national bard on January 25, 1759.

The letter, dated May 13, 1789, was addressed to James Gregory, then head of Edinburgh University's medical school. It was spotted by a member of the castle staff in an album that had come into the possession of the then 6th Duke of Roxburghe.

The poet sent the letter from Ellisdale, his farm near Dumfries in southwest Scotland, and enclosed an early version of his poem on the wounded hare. Burns expressed his gratitude to Gregory for his support and invited his comments and criticism, asking him to "mark faulty lines with your pencil."

The published poem, On Seeing a Wounded Hare, first printed in 1793, curses the hunter who had shot an animal which limped past Burns in a field:

"Inhuman man! Curse on thy barbarous art,

And blasted be thy murder-aiming eye "

The current 10th Duke of Roxburghe sought expert advice on the letter's authenticity.   Continued...