Thousands of UK lives lost to drink, experts warn

Wed Feb 23, 2011 7:07am EST
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By Kate Kelland

LONDON (Reuters Life!) - Failure to tackle Britain's persistent alcohol problem could lead to hundreds of thousands more people dying from liver disease in the UK than in many other European countries, health experts said on Monday.

Accusing British ministers of pandering to drinks producers, leading doctors said France had seen "phenomenal success" in cutting death rates, partly by curbing availability of cheap alcohol, while in the UK, the alcohol industry and retailers "are reliant on people risking their health to provide profits."

In a worst-case scenario, up to 250,000 extra lives could be lost in England and Wales alone due to alcohol over the next 20 years unless tougher restrictions are introduced, they wrote in a report in The Lancet medical journal.

"How many more people have to die from alcohol-related conditions, and how many more families devastated by the consequences before the government takes the situation as seriously as it took the dangers of tobacco," said Ian Gilmore, the former president of the Royal College of Physicians, who co-wrote the report with Nick Sheron of Southampton University and Chris Hawkey of Nottingham University.

"We already know from the international evidence that the main ways to reduce alcohol consumption are to increase the price and reduce the availability of alcohol, yet the government continues to discuss implementing marginal measures while ignoring this evidence."

According to the experts, Britain, The Netherlands, Sweden, Norway, Australia, and New Zealand have similar cultures, genetic backgrounds and alcohol drinking cultures - and, until the mid-1980s, also had similar death rates from liver disease.

But while liver death rates in most of these countries have remained low since then, the rate in Britain has more than doubled from around 4.9 per 100,000 people to 11.4 per 100,000 currently.

Using data from the Office of National Statistics for alcohol-related liver deaths in 2008 as the baseline, they mapped out a best-case scenario under which liver deaths would decline at the same gradient as in France, leading to 22,000 fewer such deaths in total in Britain by 2019   Continued...

<p>A customer poses for the camera with a pint of beer in a public house in Leeds, northern England in this October 13, 2008 file photo. REUTERS/Nigel Roddis</p>