Tackle gender inequality at work to boost world economy by $12 trillion: report

Thu Sep 24, 2015 1:52pm EDT
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LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Tackling gender inequality and enabling more women to join the workforce could boost the world's economy by $12 trillion over the next decade, with India set to benefit the most, researchers said on Thursday.

The world's economy could see this increase to its annual gross domestic product (GDP) by 2025 if each country managed to narrow the gender gap at the pace of the best-performing economy in their region, according to McKinsey Global Institute (MGI).

India's annual GDP would increase by 16 percent if women made progress towards closing the gap, MGI said in a report.

Workplace equality could be achieved sooner if countries improve women's access to education, financial services and digital technology, offer greater legal protection and reduce time spent doing unpaid work, such as childcare and cleaning, the report said.

Yet this is unlikely to happen without significant social change, according to the report's authors.

"Capturing the economic benefits will mean addressing gender inequality in society as well as attitudes," said Jonathan Woetzel, director of the research arm of the consultancy McKinsey & Co, said in a statement.

The report comes as the United Nations prepare to adopt 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) on Friday, a set of 15-year objectives to combat a range of issues including poverty, climate change and gender inequality.

The report, which analyzed 95 countries based on 15 indicators, including labor force participation, political representation and adult literacy rates, found that 40 countries had high or extremely high levels of gender inequality.

North America, Oceania and Western Europe were the regions which had made the biggest strides towards gender equality, while the Middle East, North Africa and South Asia were the worst performers, according to the report.   Continued...

A female taxi driver is seen fetching a passenger in Tehran August 21, 2011.REUTERS/Raheb Homavandi