Factbox: Venice, the world's oldest film festival

Fri Aug 26, 2011 6:35am EDT
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(Reuters) - Twenty-two films will vie for the top Golden Lion award at the 68th edition of the world's oldest film festival, which runs from Aug 31 to Sept 10 on the Lido seafront.

Roman Polanski's "Carnage" and Tomas Alfredson's adaptation of John Le Carre's Cold War thriller "Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy" will be among highlights at the 2011 festival.

Here are some details about the festival:


-- The first "Esposizione d'Arte Cinematografica" came into being in 1932. The first film to be shown was Rouben Mamoulian's "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," screened in August of that year.

-- The second festival, held in August 1934, included the first competition. Nineteen countries took part with more than 300 accredited journalists. The "Coppa Mussolini" was introduced for best foreign film and best Italian film.

-- In 1936 an international jury was nominated for the first time and in 1937 the new Palazzo del Cinema was inaugurated. With the exception of the years 1940 to 1948, it has hosted the Festival ever since.

* WAR:

-- The Festival was held three times during World War Two, from 1940 to 1942, but not counted in the total number of festivals. Participation was limited to member countries or sympathizers in the Axis. A short festival was held in 1946.   Continued...

<p>The golden lion, symbol of the Venice Film Festival, is silhouetted against the sun in Venice August 26, 2008. REUTERS/Max Rossi</p>