Aging survivors mark Pearl Harbor 70th anniversary

Wed Dec 7, 2011 8:40pm EST
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By Jorene Barut

HONOLULU (Reuters) - Some 120 aging survivors of the attack on Pearl Harbor were among 5,000 people who marked its 70th anniversary on Wednesday with a quiet, often emotional ceremony at water's edge.

With a light rain falling, speakers remembered those killed or wounded seven decades ago as well as survivors who fought in World War Two following the Japanese air and naval assault on December 7, 1941, that brought the United States into the war.

"We gather here today to commemorate the 70th anniversary of one of the most significant events of the 20th century," 88-year-old veteran and Pearl Harbor survivor Mal Middlesworth said in a keynote address.

"We do this best by honoring all who gave their lives on all the military bases on the island of Oahu that Sunday, not just Pearl Harbor," said Middlesworth, who was an 18-year-old Marine serving on the USS San Francisco that morning.

The attack killed nearly 2,400 people, wounded 1,178 others, sank or heavily damaged a dozen U.S. warships and destroyed 323 aircraft, badly crippling the Pacific fleet.

As if to underscore the historical distance, members of the Pearl Harbor Survivors Association, made up of 2,700 veterans who were within 3 miles of Pearl Harbor at the time of the attack, said they would disband due to the age and failing health of its dwindling number of members.

Middlesworth, a past president of the association, said the veterans "wanted young America to understand that freedom isn't free. It never has been and it looks like it's never going to be."

Organizers said turnout at the ceremony was the largest since 1991, the 50th anniversary of the attack.   Continued...

<p>Pearl Harbor Survivors' President William Muelhieb salutes the Color Guard during the 70th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor at the World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument in Honolulu, Hawaii December 7, 2011. REUTERS/Hugh Gentry</p>