Berlin mayor criticizes nostalgia for Berlin Wall

Sat Aug 13, 2011 8:48am EDT
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By Erik Kirschbaum

BERLIN (Reuters) - Berlin's mayor said on Saturday he was appalled that some Germans were nostalgic for the Berlin Wall and supported a newly fashionable leftist view that there were legitimate reasons for building it in 1961.

At a somber ceremony marking the 50th anniversary of the Berlin Wall's construction, Mayor Klaus Wowereit, Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Christian Wulff paid tribute to the 136 people killed trying to get over the Wall to West Berlin.

Wowereit said the Wall, toppled in 1989, should serve as a reminder of freedom and democracy around the world. Church bells peeled while trains and traffic came to a standstill at noon across Berlin for a moment of silence for the victims.

"We don't have any tolerance for those who nostalgically distort the history of the Berlin Wall and Germany's division," Wowereit said at the ceremony in front of a small section of the Wall recently rebuilt for posterity.

"The Wall was part of a dictatorship," he said. "And it's alarming that even today some people argue there were good reasons to build the Wall. No! There's no legitimate reason nor justification for violating human rights and for killings."

Most of the 160-km (100-mile) Wall encircling West Berlin in the heart of Communist East Germany was quickly torn down or chiseled away in the euphoria of 1989. There were only a few remnants of the 3.6-meter-high Wall left when Germany reunited less than a year later.

Now, as growing numbers of tourists come to Berlin each year searching largely in vain for traces of the Wall, the city has re-erected and restored parts. New buildings have gone up on many parts of the former "death strip" and it is sometimes hard to tell where the barrier once stood.

Saturday's ceremony was held at an 800-meter-long piece of the Wall complex on Bernauer Strasse that has been rebuilt. It was the scene of some dramatic escapes after the Wall was built.   Continued...

<p>The head of the Berliner Mauer Memorial Site foundation, Pastor Manfred Fischer, speaks to German State Minister for Culture and Media Bernd Neumann, Chancellor Angela Merkel, German President Christian Wulff, the head of the Berlin Wall foundation Axel Klausmeier, Berlin Mayor Klaus Wowereit and Bundestag lower house of parliament President Norbert Lammert (L-R) during a ceremony marking the 50th anniversary of the building of the Berlin Wall at the memorial site in Bernauer Street in Berlin, August 13, 2011. REUTERS/Thomas Peter</p>