June 1, 2012 / 2:20 AM / 5 years ago

Brent crude drops below $100 after weak economic data

A worker is silhouetted as he walks past fuel storage tanks at an oil refinery in Melbourne June 21, 2010. REUTERS/Mick Tsikas

NEW YORK (Reuters) - Brent crude oil prices fell for a fourth straight day on Friday, dropping under $100 a barrel to a 16-month low after weak U.S. and Chinese economic data thrashed markets and sent investors to perceived safer havens.

Data showing U.S. job growth stumbled in May and the first rise in the jobless rate in nearly a year added to concerns about the health of the global economy after a report indicating a slowdown in No. 2 oil consumer China’s manufacturing sector dragged crude down in early trade.

The weak data added to ongoing worries about the impact of the euro zone crisis on fuel demand, which have helped pull Brent crude from 2012 peaks over $128 a barrel in early March.

“The negative employment data caps the recent deterioration in global economic data,” said John Kilduff, partner at Again Capital in New York.

“From China to Europe to the U.S., all the data have shown real slowing.”

In May, both Brent and U.S. crude posted their biggest monthly losses since late 2008, as trader focus on the potential disruption of Iranian oil supplies due to Western sanctions against Tehran was countered by the wider economic concerns.

Friday’s bearish sentiment swept across markets, with U.S. stocks erasing most of the year’s gains and the Thomson Reuters-Jefferies CRB commodity index .CRB down 1.7 percent to the lowest level since September 2010. Gold rose more than 3 percent on safe-haven buying and U.S. government debt yields fell to record lows. <GOL/> <US/>

Brent July crude tumbled $3.44 to settle at $98.43 a barrel, the weakest close since January 27, 2011, having pushed below $100 for the first time since October. Brent’s intraday low of $97.54 was the weakest since February 2011.

The weekly loss of 7.86 percent was front-month Brent’s fifth straight weekly slip and the five-week slump of 17.86 percent was the biggest five-week percentage decline since the period to June 6, 2010.

U.S. July crude shed $3.30 to settle at $83.23 a barrel, lowest settlement since October 7. The intraday low of $82.29 also was the lowest since October.

Front-month U.S. crude fell 8.4 percent on the week, also a fifth straight weekly slide. The 20.68 percent slide in five weeks is the biggest percentage five-week drop since the week ending January 18, 2009.

Brent trading volumes were strong, 48 percent above the 30-day moving average, while U.S. crude futures were 31 percent above their 30-day average.

Friday’s drop plunged both contracts further into oversold territory based on the 14-day relative strength index. U.S. crude dropped to just over 16, the lowest since 1987 and well under the 30 level that is considered a technical indication of an oversold condition. Brent dipped to around 17, a level not hit since 2008.

Refined product futures also tumbled. U.S. RBOB gasoline for July delivery slid more than 2 percent to hit an intraday low of $2.6326 a gallon, the lowest for front-month gasoline since December.

Heating oil lost nearly 3 percent and hit a low of $2.6085, lowest for front-month heating oil since January 2011.

FACTORY SLOWDOWN

Further pressure came from reports illustrating a widespread slowing in manufacturing. In addition to the Markit’s Eurozone PMI slump to its lowest since June 2009, the Markit/CIPS PMI showed Britain’s manufacturing sector shrank at its fastest pace in three years in May.

U.S. manufacturing also slowed in May, though a gauge of new orders rose to its highest in over a year, according to an industry report.

The oil price rout on Friday continues a retreat that began after Brent rallied above $128 a barrel in March, the highest since 2008. That rally was due to concerns over the loss of Iranian oil due to tighter sanctions and to other supply disruptions.

The threat to economic growth from the high prices sparked consumer countries to consider releasing strategic reserves and caused top exporter Saudi Arabia to raise production in an effort to bring prices back to $100.

“We want a price around $100, that’s what we want,” Saudi Oil Minister Ali al-Naimi said on May 13. “A $100 price is great.”

While the price slide is considered unlikely to prompt Saudi Arabia to quickly cut production, especially with the European Union’s embargo on Iranian oil still slated for July, other OPEC countries need a higher price to balance budgets.

Additional reporting by Gene Ramos and Matthew Robinson in New York, Alex Lawler and Christopher Johnson in London and Luke Pachymuthu in Singapore; Editing by Marguerita Choy, Dale Hudson and Bob Burgdorfer; Editing by David Gregorio

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