NEW YORK (Reuters) - Stock markets fell on Wednesday as investors waited for progress in approving aid for Greece and in averting potential U.S. fiscal constraint in early 2013.
The euro, meanwhile, gained against both the dollar and the yen. Elections in Japan are set for next month, and the main opposition party favors further monetary easing.
In the United States stock indexes fell despite strong earnings reported by technology bellwether Cisco and two retail chains.
Investors are wary of the impact tax hikes and severe spending cuts would have on the U.S. economy if President Barack Obama and Congress fail to agree on a plan to avoid the so-called fiscal cliff.
Though Greece is expected to secure short-term funding to meet its debt obligations, international lenders disagree over how Athens can cut its borrowing to more sustainable levels. A deal to release aid payments remains a way off.
The Dow Jones industrial average .DJI was down 60.96 points, or 0.48 percent, at 12,695.22. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index .SPX was down 5.96 points, or 0.43 percent, at 1,368.57. The Nasdaq Composite Index .IXIC was down 6.16 points, or 0.21 percent, at 2,877.73.
Still, the release of minutes from the last Federal Open Market Committee meeting later in the session is likely to confirm an easy monetary policy bias for some time to come. .N
Meanwhile, a wave of strikes across Europe to protest against spending cuts and tax hikes kept the focus on that region's debt crisis.
"A quick solution for the U.S. fiscal cliff doesn't seem to be on the cards and (there are) ongoing worries about Greece and renewed concern about Spain," said Zeg Choudry, head of equities trading at Northland Capital.
The MSCI world equity index .MIWD00000PUS fell 0.7 percent to 319.89 after five days of losses. Markets across Europe fell, but Asian markets recovered from seven-week lows. .MIAPJ0000PUS
In Europe investors were unable to shake off concerns about a rekindling of the debt crisis, sending the FTSEurofirst 300 index .FTEU3 of top European shares down 0.9 percent to 1,089.41 points, erasing Tuesday's 0.4 percent rise.
"The failure to sustain any momentum to the upside suggests there is a buyers' strike and they are staying on the sidelines, waiting for a resolution either in Greece or in the U.S.," Ioan Smith, strategist at Knight Capital said.
London's FTSE 100 .FTSE, Frankfurt's DAX .GDAXI and Paris's CAC-40 .FHCI were between 0.4 and 0.6 percent lower..EU .L
The concerns over Greece, as well as lingering uncertainty over whether Spain will seek a bailout and the prospect of slow economic growth across the 17-member euro area boosted demand at a German debt auction.
Triple-A rated Germany sold 4.3 billion euros ($5.5 billion)of two-year bonds that paid no interest, meaning Berlin was able to borrow for free because investors prize the country's strong fiscal position and highly liquid debt market.
Italy's borrowing costs also fell at a 3.5 billion euro sale of new three-year government bonds, which completed its funding needs for the year.
While Italy's bonds are considered risky because of its high debt levels and weak economic outlook, borrowing costs have been coming down due to the European Central Bank's promise of support for nation's struggling to fund themselves.
The euro meanwhile gained against both the dollar and the yen after Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda said he was set to dissolve parliament's lower house on Friday for a snap election next month, which is likely to cost him his job,
Opinion polls show Noda's Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) heading for a drubbing in the vote, which government and senior party members have said would be held on December 16.<ID:L3E8ME1QE>
That outcome is regarded as negative for the yen as the main opposition Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) favors further monetary policy easing by the Bank of Japan.
The dollar rose 0.9 percent to 80.12 yen and the euro climbed 1.2 percent on the day to 102.10 yen. Against the dollar, the euro was 0.25 percent higher at $1.2730.
The greenback was easier against most major currencies other than the yen on growing signs that the Federal Reserve was likely to adopt an ultra-loose monetary stance in coming months.
Influential Fed Vice Chair Janet Yellen said on Tuesday that U.S. interest rates may need to stay near zero until early 2016 to forcefully lift employment.
However, any weakness was still being capped by concerns that Washington will fail to find compromises needed to avoid a series of mandated tax hikes and spending cuts due to take effect next year that could send the world's largest economy back into recession.
Profit-taking caused U.S. Treasury prices to fall and yields to rise Wednesday after a post-election rally driven by concerns over a potential U.S. fiscal crisis and Europe's debt woes.
But yields were not expected to stray far from their lowest levels since September with price support from concerns over the so-called fiscal cliff of $600 billion in U.S. spending cuts and tax increases set to start in January that could send the economy back into recession.
Ten-year Treasury notes traded 6/32 lower in price to yield 1.62 percent, up from 1.59 percent late Tuesday. The yield on Tuesday touched 1.57 percent, the lowest in 10 weeks.
Moves in commodity markets were limited, with traders watching developments in Europe and the United States and also wary about the ramifications of the political transition in China due to be announced on Thursday.
On Wednesday, the 2,270 carefully vetted party delegates cast their votes in Beijing's Great Hall of the People for the new central committee, which in turn will appoint the Politburo Standing Committee that will ultimately rule China.
The new government's attitude to supporting growth, which has been slowing all year, will be closely watched as China is the world's top consumer of many commodities.
Three-month copper on the London Metal Exchange was down 0.4 percent at $7,646 a tonne, while gold rose 0.27 percent to $1,724.51 an ounce, still below a 3-week peak of around $1,738 struck on Friday. <GOL/>
In oil markets Brent crude reversed early losses to gain $1.34 to $109.60 a barrel, supported by the dollar's fall against a basket of currencies, aside from the yen, which makes dollar-denominated oil more affordable.
U.S. oil gained 87 cents to $85.25, snapping two days of losses.
($1 = 0.7867 euros)
Additional reporting by Chris Reese in New York and Richard Hubbard in London; Editing by