LONDON (Reuters) - Brent crude oil reached its highest in a month on Thursday, lifted by escalating tension between Syria and Turkey, maintenance in the North Sea and a supply crunch in oil products.
November Brent crude rose $1.00 to $115.33 a barrel by 1346 GMT (0946 EDT), after matching Wednesday's high of $115.59. U.S. crude climbed 93 cents to $92.18.
Turkey scrambled fighters and briefly detained a Syrian passenger plane on Wednesday, suspecting it of carrying military equipment from Moscow, while Turkey's military chief warned of a more forceful response if shelling continued to spill over the border.
"The Syrian situation is heating up and there are fears about Turkey, a NATO member, retaliating and contagion in the region," said Bjarne Schieldrop, analyst at SEB in Oslo.
Worries about supply disruption caused by fears of violence in the Middle East and maintenance at the North Sea Forties oil field have pushed Brent's premium to U.S. crude to its highest in a year at around $23.50.
North Sea crude oil output from 12 production streams is set to fall by about 1 percent in November, according to Reuters' calculations, another potential source of support for Brent oil prices.
Firmer refining margins and steep backwardation in the gasoil market, where prices are higher for prompt delivery than for later dates, pointed to firm demand going into the northern hemisphere winter.
"At current prices, the upcoming winter will be the most expensive winter ever for the consumers using heating oil," said Olivier Jakob at Petromatrix in Switzerland, adding that gasoline prices were also high.
"All in all, after the high cost of driving and heating there will be at least one iPad less under the Christmas tree," he said.
Forecasts of slower economic and fuel demand growth kept oil prices from rising further.
Global oil demand is looking weaker than previously forecast as the slowing economy continues to weigh on consumption, the U.S. government and the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) said in reports.
On Wednesday, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) and OPEC cut their forecasts for growth in world oil demand in 2013, a day after the International Monetary Fund (IMF) lowered its economic growth forecasts for the second time since April.
The EIA and OPEC reports are two of three major oil outlooks due out this week, with the International Energy Agency to release its October oil markets outlook on Friday.
Providing some positive news on the economy, the number of Americans filing new claims for unemployment benefits fell last week to the lowest level in more than four and a half years, U.S. government data showed on Thursday.
However, the backdrop was still downbeat. China's annual economic growth probably slowed for a seventh straight quarter in the July-September period to the weakest level since the depths of the global financial crisis, a Reuters poll showed.
In the United States, crude stocks rose 1.6 million barrels last week, industry group American Petroleum Institute said on Wednesday, more than an 800,000-barrel build forecast by analysts in a Reuters poll.
The EIA will release its weekly inventory report later on Thursday. A poll of 12 analysts' forecast weekly U.S. stockpiles data would show crude inventories up 800,000 barrels for the week ended October 5. <EIA/S>
Additional reporting by Florence Tan in Singapore; Editing by William Hardy and Helen Massy-Beresford