LONDON (Reuters) - The 11 European Union countries that have pledged to tax financial transactions will consider narrowing the levy’s scope to shield pensions, government debt and markets that help to grease the economy, an EU document shows.
The aim of the tax is to make banks pay for some of the taxpayer money they received during the 2007/09 financial crisis, but worries over unintended consequences have mounted among some of the countries taking part.
Representatives from the 11 participating countries meet on Thursday to review plans for the tax on stock, bond, derivatives and other trades. They include Germany, France and Italy, but not Britain, the bloc’s biggest trading center, which is challenging the tax in the EU’s highest court.
The meeting will consider conflicting opinions on the legality of the original proposal and warnings from industry that it would have a detrimental effect on financing for companies.
The document, seen by Reuters, sets out key areas for discussion to provide “guidance for further work on the proposal” - the clearest sign yet that the original plan is dead in the water and that any tax that emerges will be less ambitious.
France is already pushing for a more modest stamp duty-type tax on share trading, which it has introduced nationally, while Italy is worried about disruption to its sovereign debt.
The meeting will also consider excluding repurchase agreements from the scope of the proposed tax framework after the sector warned that the tax would crimp its ability to help to fund the economy. These agreements, known as repos, are a form of short-term borrowing backed by government securities.
“As repo is such an important instrument in modern financial markets, the possible exclusion of repo and collateral from the tax, which threatened their efficient operation, is a most encouraging development,” said Godfried De Vidts, chairman of industry body the European Repo Council.
Also on the agenda is clarification of the definition of primary market transactions - already excluded from the levy’s scope - to include mutual funds used for pensions.
Tighter safeguards to avoid public debt markets being strangled by the tax will also be looked at, the document written by EU presidency Lithuania said.
There is no mention of a possible exemption for securities lending, and the document suggests that the tax net could be expanded to cover trades before clearing, earlier in the transaction chain than originally proposed.
Lawyers for member states have said that EU and international law will be breached by the requirement for the tax to be levied anywhere in the world if one side of the transaction is from the 11 EU countries taking part.
A legal opinion from the EU’s European Commission, which wrote the draft tax plan, has rebutted this view.
Editing by Tommy Wilkes and David Goodman