NEW YORK (Reuters) - A fire that scorched the top of a Boeing Co BA.N 787 Dreamliner at London Heathrow airport last summer was likely caused by faulty wiring in an emergency rescue beacon that led to “an uncontrolled discharge” from a lithium-ion battery, the UK aviation safety agency said on Wednesday.
The agency also recommended five steps the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration could take to ensure greater safety with lithium batteries on aircraft, echoing comments the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board made last month.
The battery likely discharged unevenly, causing one of its cells to deplete more than the other four, then reverse polarity and absorb energy from the others, the UK Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) said in a special report.
“Several tests demonstrated that when a cell failed in this manner, the heat released caused the failure to cascade to the remaining four cells,” the AAIB said.
Honeywell said it appreciated the AAIB’s thoroughness and noted it had worked with the FAA and Transport Canada on an airworthiness directive requiring ”that all applicable ELT units are inspected to verify that the error is not present.“ It added, ”Honeywell is committed to ensuring the safety of all its products and has implemented a redesign and amended assembly/installation guidelines for this product.”
The July 12, 2013, fire in the emergency locator transmitter (ELT), made by Honeywell International Inc HON.N, burned the top of the fuselage of the Ethiopian Airlines ETHA.UL jet, taking it out of service for an extended period and renewing concern about use of lithium-based batteries on aircraft. No one was injured in the incident and the jet was parked at the time.
Separately, the global fleet of Dreamliners was grounded for three months last year after two other lithium-ion batteries, not related to the ELT, burned in two incidents in Japan and the United States.
No one was injured in those incidents, but out of concern for safety, regulators halted flights while Boeing redesigned the batteries and the charging system, and created a steel box to contain a fire.
The AAIB said the FAA should develop better requirements to certify use of lithium-metal batteries on planes that take account of current knowledge about how they operate and fail.
It also recommended that the FAA require certification tests for lithium-metal batteries be carried out with batteries installed in surrounding equipment, to account for any problems that could arise from integration.
Editing by Jonathan Oatis