TUPELO Miss. (Reuters) - The Federal Reserve’s third round of bond buying had a better than expected impact on the U.S. labor market, a Fed official said on Thursday, making it all the more necessary for the central bank to move faster with hiking interest rates.
St. Louis Fed President James Bullard pointed out that the economy has exceeded the economic forecasts the Fed presented in September 2012, when the central bank’s latest bond buying program - known formally as Quantitative Easing (QE) - was launched.
“The policy rate normalization process remains far behind the schedule laid out at the launch of QE3,” Bullard said in prepared remarks for a business event here on Thursday.
Bullard said raising rates in the first quarter of 2015, a forecast he has maintained throughout the year, would already be past what a standard monetary policy rule calls for.
Bullard is not a voting member on the Fed’s policy setting committee. The former central bank staffer said inflation continues to run somewhat below the Fed’s policy setting committee’s target of 2 percent.
Bullard said the committee will have to change its interest rate guidance language at the next meeting.
Since March, the committee has said it will keep rates ultra-low for a “considerable time” after its current bond buying program ends. That program is set to end this month.
“My presumption is that something will have to change,” Bullard said to reporters after a speech to business leaders. “I don’t think we can use the existing ‘considerable time’ language.”
In response to a question from the audience, Bullard said that manufacturing jobs are returning to the United States but not in sufficient numbers to drive the economy.
Bullard also said he would support a more tiered regulatory system that would help ease regulations on community banks.
In a session with reporters after the speech, Bullard downplayed the impact that the surging U.S. dollar will have on the economy and monetary policy.
“If you look at it on a trade weighted basis, the dollar is not too far away from averages that it’s enjoyed over 10 to 15 years. So we’ll see if that moves in a significant way going forward but I’m not anticipating it will.”
Reporting by Michael Flaherty; Editing by Diane Craft & Kim Coghill