NEW YORK (Reuters) - Tumbling commodities prices and worries about China's economy pulled stocks sharply lower on Tuesday, while bond yields declined and the dollar rose to a two-week high on bets U.S. officials will soon hike interest rates.
Wall Street losses hovered for much of the trading day around 2 percent on selling driven by falls in oil and copper before easing.
European shares were also stung by the commodities sell-off, with the pan-European FTSEurofirst 300 stocks index .FTEU3 finishing down 3.3 percent.
Wall Street's Dow Jones industrial average .DJI fell 179.92 points, or 1.09 percent, to 16,330.47, the S&P 500 .SPX lost 24.23 points, or 1.23 percent, to 1,942.74 and the Nasdaq Composite .IXIC dropped 72.23 points, or 1.5 percent, to 4,756.72.
The S&P materials index .SPLRCM, down 1.8 percent, led a broad decline in the S&P 500 stock index.
Copper prices CMCU3 were down 3.6 percent after touching three-week lows, while oil was off 2 percent. The Chinese government's efforts to stimulate growth by easing fiscal and monetary policy have failed to calm nerves in global markets.
"Investors are nervous because there is a sense that the Fed knows more than it is letting on regarding the health of the global economy," said Art Hogan, chief market strategist at Wunderlich Securities in New York.
The Federal Reserve last week kept U.S. rates near zero, citing turbulence in a tightly linked global economy, including slowing growth in China.
The selloffs in stocks and commodities boosted U.S. Treasuries prices and other lower-risk government debt, such as German 10-year Bunds DE10YT=TV. Benchmark 10-year Treasuries notes US10YT=RR were up 22/32 in price, yielding 2.1337 percent.
Equities weakness also helped lift the yen against the dollar, though the policy divergence between the Fed on the one hand and the European Central Bank and Bank of Japan on the other helped push the dollar to its highest since Sept. 10 against a basket of currencies.
Though the Fed held policy steady last week, ECB officials have been stressing that monetary policy in the euro zone will remain loose for some time.
The euro was last down 0.49 percent against the dollar at $1.11345 EUR=EBS. The dollar was last down 0.43 percent against the yen at 120.055 yen JPY=EBS. The dollar index .DXY was last up 0.37 percent at 96.250. That was just under a nearly two-week high.
Oil prices fell as concern over global growth weakened the outlook for demand and traders took profits from Monday's rise.
U.S. crude CLc1 finished down 2 percent but off its lows after a partial pipeline outage. Brent LCOc1 rose slightly for the day. [O/R]
Gold XAU= eased with stocks and commodities and also suffered from the speculation the Fed may still raise rates in 2015. It last traded at $1,125 an ounce, a decline of 0.75 percent.
"We're still in a situation where investors are going to wait and see when a hike will happen," Capital Economics analyst Simona Gambarini said. "There's going to be a bit of volatility around precious metals until the Fed eventually does hike rates."
Reporting by Michael Connor in New York; Editing by Nick Zieminski and James Dalgleish