* C$ closes more than half cent lower at 98.83 U.S. cents
* Bonds prices mixed following Bernanke, data (Updates to close)
TORONTO, Oct 15 (Reuters) - The Canadian dollar came close to reaching parity with the greenback on Friday but then retreated as U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke offered no new details on monetary policy easing, leading investors to bet the U.S. dollar was oversold.
Bernanke said that high unemployment and low inflation point to a need for more stimulus, but he failed to offer specifics on the U.S. central bank's next step. [ID:nN15187998]
"There was a meaningful reason why he left a lot of that information off the table and the market speculates now that it's because the Fed itself can't reach a consensus in terms of how to push forward with special quantitative easing measures," said Jack Spitz, managing director of foreign exchange at National Bank Financial.
"That being said, the market is pulling back some of its short dollar positioning ... given the fact that that boat is particularly full right now and markets that are overextended have a tendency to be subject to relatively significant price swings."
The expectation of quantitative easing by the Fed -- essentially creating new money to buy assets -- has been driving the U.S. dollar lower and higher-yielding currencies, such as Canada's, higher.
The Canadian currency initially rose as high as C$1.0012 versus the U.S. dollar, or 99.88 U.S. cents, following Bernanke's speech and soft U.S. inflation data -- a key concern for the Fed -- before it pulled back.
Bernanke's comments drove the Australian dollar -- Canada's sister commodity currency -- to surge above parity with the greenback on Friday for the first time since the Australian dollar was allowed to float freely in 1983. [FRX/]
The Canadian dollar closed the North American session at C$1.0118 to the U.S. dollar, or 98.83 U.S. cents, more than half a penny down from Thursday's finish of C$1.0060 to the U.S. dollar, or 99.40 U.S. cents. It ended the week 0.05 percent lower, capping six straight weeks of gains.
"Provided the market continues to bail on U.S. dollars from Monday on, the downward pressure on dollar/Canada exists," Spitz said.
He noted there is U.S. dollar support near the Canadian dollar high hit on Thursday of C$0.9980, and at the 2010 high of C$0.9931. He saw resistance between C$1.0180 and C$1.0220.
Market focus is on the Bank of Canada interest rate announcement on Tuesday and its Monetary Policy Report on Wednesday, though many expect the central bank to stand pat on rates for the rest of this year. [ID:nN15144891]
Camilla Sutton, chief currency strategist at Scotia Capital, stressed, however, that the Canadian dollar is not currently trading on its own fundamentals.
"It's really not a CAD story like it was in the spring when we went to parity, this is very much a U.S. dollar weakness story," she said. "As soon as the U.S. dollar weakness story fades that will immediately fade the rally in CAD."
Government bond prices were mixed, with short-term issues firmer and longer-term prices weakening.
"They've gained at the short and mid-sections of the yield curve because that is likely where the Fed will target its asset purchases," said Sal Guatieri, senior economist at BMO Capital Markets.
The two-year bondwas up 1 Canadian cent to yield 1.433 percent, while the 10-year bond shed 19 Canadian cents to yield 2.786 percent.
Prices of longer-dated issues tracked U.S. Treasuries lower after the weak consumer price data and Bernanke's speech. [US/]
In new corporate issues, Sino Forest Corpon Thursday sold $600 million of guaranteed senior notes in the 144a private placement market. [ID:nN14630461] (Editing by Peter Galloway)
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