September 15, 2010 / 6:28 PM / 7 years ago

Killing frost touches Canada, but wider frost delayed

WINNIPEG, Manitoba (Reuters) - Killing frosts hit crops in northwestern Alberta on Tuesday, but a widespread frost across the Canadian Prairies looks to arrive a day later than expected, a Canadian Wheat Board analyst said on Wednesday.

The frost may have left little damage in the Peace region because wheat and canola crops there are mature enough to withstand it, said Mark Cutts, a crop specialist for the Alberta government.

Frost is of particular concern to Western Canadian farmers this year because many crops are one to two weeks behind normal growth, leaving them vulnerable to damage that reduces quality. The harvest of all crops is moving at its slowest pace in six years due to rainy weather, with less than one-quarter finished as of Monday.

Killing frosts, which halt the growth of plants when temperatures fall below minus 2.2 degrees Celsius (28 degrees Fahrenheit), settled into Alberta’s Peace region, a major grower of wheat and canola, said Stuart McMillan, the Wheat Board’s crop and weather analyst.

The harvest in the Peace region was 25 percent done as of September 9, the most advanced in Alberta.

A small pocket of northwestern Manitoba around Grandview also had killing frost, McMillan said.

A more widespread killing frost looks to arrive Friday morning in Alberta and spread east, one day later than the Wheat Board forecast on Monday.

“It’s looking like it might be not as severely cold (as thought earlier),” McMillan said. “The downside is there’s still a very good chance of rain coming through and farmers are not going to get a real good chance (to harvest crops).”

Killing frost might miss some southern areas altogether this weekend, McMillan said, adding that temperatures look warmer next week.

Temperatures should dip as low as minus 2 C and minus 3 C in Saskatchewan at Regina and Saskatoon on Friday, with a more widespread killing frost stretching from Edmonton, Alberta through Saskatchewan on Saturday, said Sandy Massey, meteorologist at Environment Canada.

QT Weather Chicago-based meteorologist Allen Motew forecasts a killing frost on Saturday across Saskatchewan and parts of Alberta and Manitoba.

Canada is the top exporter of spring wheat, canola and rapeseed and a key shipper of oats.

ICE Canada nearby canola futures rose 0.5 percent in late trading on Wednesday, while Chicago oats and Minneapolis spring wheat futures slipped 0.7 percent and 0.8 percent respectively.

A killing frost freezes the moisture in immature wheat kernels, causing them to rupture and shrivel, McMillan said.

In immature canola, frost halts growth with seeds still unripe, which lowers its value.

Editing by John Picinich and Sofina Mirza-Reid

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