LOS ANGELES (Hollywood Reporter) - Women working in the entertainment industry have yet to break through the “celluloid ceiling,” making up just 15 percent of those in powerful behind-the-scenes roles, according to a study released Thursday by San Diego State University.
The annual study by Martha Lauzen, of the university’s School of Theatre, Television and Film, surveyed the top 250 domestic-grossing films in 2007 and found no growth in the number of women employed in the positions of director, producer, writer, cinematographer and editor.
Lauzen also concluded that there was a 4 percent decrease in the role of women in Hollywood since 2001.
“Unfortunately, 21 percent of the films released in 2007 employed no women directors, producers, writers, cinematographers or editors,” Lauzen said. “Of course, no films failed to employ a man in at least one of these roles.”
In a breakdown, women accounted for 6 percent of directors, which is almost half of the women directors that worked in 2000 (11 percent). Lauzen also concluded that women accounted for 10 percent of writers, 22 percent of producers, 17 percent of editors and 2 percent of cinematographers in 2007.
The study analyzed behind-the-scenes employment of 2,883 people working on the top 250 domestic-grossing films last year, which included “Spider-Man 3,” “Shrek the Third” and “Transformers.”
Lauzen also did a historical comparison of those top films from 2007 and 1998, finding that the percentage of women in every role had declined.
The study also concluded that women were most likely to work on romantic comedies, romantic dramas and documentaries and least likely to work in horror, action-adventure or sci-fi features.