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LOS ANGELES (Hollywood Reporter) - "WALL-E" and "Kung Fu Panda" were critical and commercial hits last year, making them near shoo-ins for Oscar nominations in the best animated film category.
The feature that might capture the third slot when nominations in all categories are announced on January 22 is less clear, though there are a number of worthy contenders.
Fourteen films were submitted for consideration. If two more films had sought a nomination, Oscar rules would have allowed for up to five films to make the final cut.
Directors: Byron Howard, Chris Williams
North American box office: $110 million
The art of urban painter Edward Hopper and 1970s cinematography were two major influences behind the look of "Bolt." That accounts for the painterly mien of urban scenes and a desaturated color palette, combined with such signature 1970s effects as lens flare and blooming.
Oscar odds: Everyone agrees the film delivers. It's a commercial crowd-pleaser, and Disney magic might pull this one out of a hat. It doesn't hurt that it's already garnered a Golden Globe nomination alongside "Kung Fu Panda" and "WALL-E."
Directors: Marc F. Adler, Jason Maurer
North American box office: $695,000
"Delgo" has been in the works for years, the output of Fathom Studios' indie animation studio in Atlanta. It's the first animated feature for both the directors and studio.
Oscar odds: Kudos must be given to an indie animation house pulling off a feature -- and one with an A-list voice cast at that -- but lack of buzz and a late release probably make this a no-go.
Directors: Jimmy Hayward, Steve Martino
North American box office: $155 million
Early designs of Horton gave the elephant a small mouth until actor Jim Carrey came on board to voice the lead character. Horton's mouth expanded -- and his physical actions grew larger -- inspired by Carrey's signature expressiveness.
Oscar odds: The film has a fabulous voice cast and the street cred of Dr. Seuss and longtime Pixar animator Hayward. "Who" knows?
Directors: Arthur Qwak, Guillaume Ivernel
North American box office: : N/A
First a comic book series, then a short-lived TV series produced by Paris-based Futurikon, Qwak says it's "'Tom and Jerry' meets 'Lord of the Rings.' " Using proprietary software, the film was created in a speedy 18 months.
Oscar odds: With no awareness, this one doesn't have a chance.
Director: Ben Stassen
North American box office: $12 million
Director Stassen's company nWave has produced eight Imax shorts, screening in museums and other institutional settings.
Oscar odds: When pigs "fly."
Director: Anthony Leondis
North American box office: $19 million
Another rare independent animated feature, "Igor" was born at Paris-based Sparx Animation Studio, which has been a resource for Walt Disney Animation.
Oscar odds: Slim to none.
Directors: Mark Osborne, John Stevenson
North American box office: $215 million
Animators rave about the title sequence -- created by outside company Shine -- which was a clever hybrid of 2-D and 3-D elements that unfolded horizontally, like a Chinese scroll. For total authenticity, a Chinese calligrapher and a native Chinese speaker at DreamWorks made sure every character and "chop" was dead-on accurate.
Oscar odds: A definite place among the three nominees and a strong contender for the Oscar.
"MADAGASCAR: ESCAPE 2 AFRICA" (DREAMWORKS ANIMATION/PARAMOUNT)
Directors: Eric Darnell, Tom McGrath
North American box office: $177 million
Creating the expansive African savanna was such a challenge that DreamWorks wrote its own software to create clumps of grass and strategically place them in the environment, giving the film a believable look, and then rendered untold numbers of blades without crashing the computers. The film also features so many crowds that DreamWorks established a department to manage "background animals." It took 30 million hours of rendering time to bring it all to life.
Oscar odds: The film did well at the box office, which gives it a shot.
Director: Tatia Rosenthal
North American box office: $781
Based on the short stories of Israeli author Etgar Keret, who penned "Wristcutters: A Love Story," "$9.99" took 10 years to reach the screen.
Oscar odds: This Australian-Israeli co-production is quirky and interesting, drawing even those who aren't normally fans of animated films to enthuse. Nominating animators could give this very dark horse a chance to compete.
Director: Mamoru Oshii
North American box office: N/A
The director of the iconic anime feature "Ghost in the Shell" has returned with this beautiful-looking aerial sci-fi drama about adolescents who mull over the meaning of life. Venice Film Festival critics liked it enough to give it the Future Film Festival Digital Award.
Oscar odds: This film's pedigree may draw some attention, but the release date is still not publicized, so its odds are dwindling by the day.
Director: Masahiro Ando
North American box office: N/A
Anime News Networks calls it "exciting, hair-raising, action-packed and ultimately satisfying."
Oscar odds: Another film with uncertain distribution and release information. Will it be a no-show? This film may qualify, but otherwise is unlikely to cause a ripple in Hollywood.
Directors: Sam Fell, Robert Stevenhagen
North American box office: $44 million
Written by Gary Ross, known for penning 2003's "Seabiscuit" and 1998's "Pleasantville," and directed by first-timer Stevenhagen, who was senior storyboard artist on Aardman Animation's 2005 Oscar-winning "Wallace & Gromit in The Curse of the Were-Rabbit."
Oscar odds: The animation is engaging and beautiful, but the story line could be a little confusing for younger children. Would that lessen its chances?
Director: Andrew Stanton
North American box office: $224 million
Numerous items and characters from Pixar's past films are hidden in WALL-E's trailer and in the trash heaps that dot the landscape, including the snow globe from short film "Knick Knack"; Rex the dinosaur, Barbie's car and a Buzz Lightyear lunchbox ("Toy Story"); a Lightning McQueen toy ("Cars"); a bug zapper ("A Bug's Life"); and a Mike Wazowski antenna ball ("Monsters, Inc.").
Oscar odds: Already a favorite to win.
Director: Ari Folman
North American box office: $160,000
Folman is one of the co-creators of Israel's "In Therapy," which was re-made by HBO for U.S. television as "In Treatment." "Bashir" was first made as a documentary and then painstakingly remade as an animated feature. There is one porn scene in the movie; the filmmakers say viewers with sharp eyes will be able to make out a famous 1980s singer in the background.
Oscar odds: This film may well be this year's "Persepolis," with a real chance of snagging the third nomination.