MANILA/HONG KONG (Reuters) - After unleashing a crackdown on drugs, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte is turning his guns on a booming online gaming industry, abruptly scrapping one firm's 13-year monopoly this week and denouncing its billionaire chief as a corrupt oligarch.
Until recently, Filipinos could gamble in licensed online cafes, as well as casinos, but Duterte refused to renew the exclusive license of the operator of more than 300 such cafes, Philweb Corp, after its permit expired on Wednesday.
"With the strong and repeated pronouncement of the president, there is no choice," Andrea Domingo, head of Pagcor, the state regulator of casinos and online gambling, told Reuters.
Last week, Duterte, nicknamed 'the Punisher,' singled out Philweb’s chairman, Roberto Ongpin, one of the richest men in the southeast Asian nation, as an example of an oligarch who benefited while the poor suffered.
Annual economic losses from halting Philweb’s contract and closing down e-bingo outlets would be about 10 billion pesos ($214 million), said Pagcor, which is a gaming operator in addition to its role as regulator.
The Philippine gaming industry is one of Asia's most freewheeling, attracting scores of online foreign companies over the last decade to set up servers aimed at overseas punters, and has lured investments of billions of dollars in casino resorts.
"I doubt if anyone expected what happened," said a former top official at Pagcor, who asked not to be identified as he was not allowed to speak to the media.
"It is not quite clear what the president really wants and what the endgame is."
Duterte declared war on online gambling soon after being sworn in on June 30, saying, "Online gambling must stop. It has sprouted here and there. This is out of control."
Philweb's shares lost more than 50 percent to hit lows not seen since 2008 after Ongpin resigned last week, telling shareholders he hoped his action would help get the company's license renewed.
Philweb has started winding down operations and is working with Pagcor to retain the jobs of its 5,000 employees.
"As we wind down the operations over the next few days, we will have to assess what that means for our operations in the short term," its president, Dennis Valdez, told reporters.
Pagcor is also looking into the activities of the Philippines' special freeport zones that issue licenses to foreign online gaming firms, Domingo added.
The Philippines is the base for most Asian international online gambling operators, who hold licenses issued by its Cagayan economic zone. These operators, forbidden to accept bets from locals, have been allowed to keep operating. "It’s business as normal for now," said Joe Pisano, chief executive of Jade Entertainment and Gaming Technologies, based in the capital, Manila.
But Duterte's position on online gaming hosted in the Philippines for bettors from overseas remains to be clarified, Pisano added. However, as the Philippines looks to boost tourism, its burgeoning market for integrated casino resorts, touted as a new Asian hotspot after Macau and Singapore, is unlikely to be targeted, industry executives and Pagcor said.
Japanese billionaire Kazuo Okada is expected to open a $3-billion casino resort in Manila’s Entertainment City by year end.
That will add to the flashy properties of Melco Crown’s City of Dreams Manila and Philippine billionaire Ricky Razon’s Solaire property, controlled by Bloomberry Resorts Corp, which have already opened.
"We are there to bring in foreign tourists and foreign dollars," said a Manila-based casino executive who declined to be named, as he was not authorized to speak to the media. "Electronic gaming can never take credit for that."
($1=46.7390 Philippine pesos)
Editing by Clarence Fernandez