GWANGJU South Korea (Reuters) - A South Korean court is set to rule on whether the captain of a ferry that capsized killing more than 300 people, most of them children on a school trip, should be put to death for culpable homicide in a case that triggered widespread grief and outrage.
A three-judge panel in the southern city of Gwangju will hand down verdicts and sentencing on Tuesday in the trial of captain Lee Joon-seok, 68, as well as 14 crew members, who face jail terms if convicted.
The overloaded Sewol capsized on April 16 while making a turn during a routine voyage to the holiday island of Jeju. The crew were among the first people to be rescued from the ship, while the mostly teenage passengers waited in their cabins.
The public outcry provoked by the tragedy led to concerns over whether the crew would be able to get a fair trial, with private sector lawyers largely shunning the defendants. Only one crew member was represented by a private lawyer.
"I think the prosecutors have been under very heavy pressure," said Cheong Yeong-seok, a law professor at Korea Maritime and Ocean University.
During the five-month trial, families in the gallery occasionally made emotional outbursts.
"In my opinion, the death penalty which prosecutors demanded is too much for the captain's charge. But the public opinion was too negative and the situation from the gallery in the courtroom wasn't good," said Cheong.
Death sentences are rare in South Korea, which has not carried out an execution in more than 15 years.
Kim Hyun, a maritime lawyer advising the government on payment of damages to victims in the sinking, said he believed the crew received a fair hearing.
"I think it has been a fair trial given the defendants and their lawyers have made enough arguments in favor of them, despite public criticism," he said.
Only 172 of the 476 passengers and crew were rescued. Of the 304 confirmed dead or still missing, 250 were school children.
The crew on trial have said they thought it was the coastguard's job to evacuate passengers. Video footage of their escape triggered outrage, especially after survivors testified that crew repeatedly told passengers to stay put.
Three crew members in addition to Lee face homicide charges, with prosecutors seeking life prison terms. Prosecutors sought prison terms ranging from 15 to 30 years for the other crew on trial, who face lesser charges, including negligence.
There are 58 people on death row in South Korea, according to the justice ministry, but the last time the country carried out an execution was in December 1997, when 23 convicts were hanged.
Lee, the captain, has apologized to the families of the victims and said he never intended to harm anyone.
Some of the crew made tearful apologies following their lawyers' closing speeches, which argued that the defendants were mostly too badly trained to handle the disaster.
(The story was refiled to correct the spelling of the lawyer's name in paragraph 9)
Editing by Tony Munroe and Alex Richardson