AMSTERDAM (Reuters) - Ukraine granted wider jurisdiction to the International Criminal Court on Tuesday that will enable ICC prosecutors to investigate possible war crimes committed during Russia’s annexation of Crimea and the separatist conflict in eastern Ukraine.
Ukraine had earlier accepted the court’s jurisdiction for a limited period from November 2013 to February 2014, when pro-Russian president Viktor Yanukovich attempted to crush mass protests, with heavy loss of life, before falling from power.
The court said on Tuesday Ukraine had now expanded its jurisdiction to include the period up to the present.
Russia annexed Crimea in March 2014, and fighting broke out in eastern Ukraine the following month between pro-Russian rebels and Ukrainian government forces. The United Nations Human Rights Office said on Tuesday at least 7,962 people have been killed and 17,811 wounded in eastern Ukraine since mid-April 2014
”Ukraine will cooperate with the court without delay or exception,” the ICC said in a statement.
Prosecutors at the court in The Hague have launched a preliminary investigation in Ukraine and, based on the findings, will decide whether to start a formal war crimes probe.
“If an investigation is opened, it will also be for the ICC prosecutor to decide, on the basis of the evidence collected, whether to ask the ICC judges to issue arrest warrants,” the court said.
The expanded probe could for the first time consider allegations by Ukraine and Western governments of direct Russian involvement in the conflict, something Moscow denies.
It is unlikely, however, that the ICC will investigate the shooting-down of a Malaysia Airlines passenger plane over rebel-held territory in eastern Ukraine in July 2014.
The Netherlands, which is leading an international investigation into the deaths of the 298 passengers and crew, most of them Dutch, has said it prefers that a U.N. tribunal, or a national court, try those responsible.
The ICC is a court of last resort, which only intervenes when national authorities are considered unwilling or unable to prosecute.
Reporting by Toby Sterling and Anthony Deutsch; Editing by Mark Trevelyan