DUBAI (Reuters) - A Saudi court has commuted the death sentence against a Palestinian poet convicted of apostasy, to eight years’ jail and 800 lashes, his lawyer said.
Ashraf Fayadh was detained by the religious police in 2013. His conviction was based on evidence from a prosecution witness who claimed to have heard him cursing God, Islam’s Prophet Mohammad and Saudi Arabia. He was also prosecuted for the contents of a poetry book he had written years earlier.
Rights campaigners say he was targeted for speaking out on political and social matters.
Fayadh’s lawyer, Abdul-Rahman al-Lahim, said that while the new court ruling had commuted the execution, it had reconfirmed Fayadh’s guilt for the crime of abandoning his Islamic faith.
“The accused is sentenced to a punishment of eight years in jail and 800 lashes divided into installments, 50 lashes for each installment,” the ruling said, according to al-Lahim on a Twitter posting.
A spokesman for Saudi Arabia’s justice ministry could not be reached for comment.
Human Rights Watch said the new sentence was still inappropriate.
“No one should face arrest for peacefully expressing opinions, much less corporal punishment and prison,” said Adam Coogle, a Middle East researcher for the rights group.
“Saudi justice officials must urgently intervene to vacate this unjust sentence.”
Fayadh had initially been sentenced to four years in prison and 800 lashes but an appeal process led to that being increased to death after a judge ruled that defense witnesses’ testimony was ineligible.
Saudi Arabia’s justice system is based on sharia, or Islamic law, and its judges are clerics from the ultra conservative Wahhabi school of Sunni Islam. In the Wahhabi interpretation of sharia, religious crimes including blasphemy and apostasy incur the death penalty.
Liberal writer Raif Badawi was flogged 50 times in January last year as part of a sentence for blasphemy of 10 years in prison and 1,000 lashes, prompting an international outcry. Badawi remains in prison, but diplomats have said he is unlikely to be flogged again.
After a case has been heard by lower courts, appeals courts and the supreme court, a convicted defendant can be pardoned by King Salman.
Reporting by Sami Aboudi, Editing by Nick Macfie and Robin Pomeroy