BAGHDAD (Reuters) - Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi must take decisive action to root out corruption and implement promised reforms or risk losing power, prominent Shi'ite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr told more than 100,000 supporters in central Baghdad on Friday.
Abadi promised political and economic reforms last summer after mass street protests but quickly ran into legal challenges and systemic resistance to change. This month he vowed to appoint technocrats to replace ministers appointed on the basis of political affiliations but that promise also remains unfulfilled.
"Today the (position of the) prime minister is at stake, especially after the people have revolted," Sadr, whose Al-Ahrar bloc holds 34 seats in parliament and three cabinet posts, told supporters in a mass show of strength on Tahrir Square.
Chanting anti-American slogans to energize the huge crowd, Sadr accused Abadi of failing to capitalize on the support offered by Iraq's highest Shi’ite religious authority, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, who endorsed the reforms but appears to have grown frustrated with their lack of progress.
"Despite the voice of Marjaiya (Sistani) that supported the government reforms and after we authorized the prime minister to start reforming, he slackened," Sadr said from a podium, flanked by armed bodyguards wearing camouflaged uniforms.
Iraqi political analyst Fadhil Abu Ragheef, said Friday's protest rally, which he attended himself, was about Sadr reasserting his influence by positioning himself as a torch-bearer of reform.
"Lately the star of the Sadrist trend has somewhat faded," Abu Ragheef said. "The first (point of this protest) is returning the Sadrist bloc again to the forefront of the political gallery."
Sadr, whose Mehdi Army militia fought U.S. troops at the height of Iraq's sectarian bloodshed in 2006-07, threatened to breach the heavily fortified "Green Zone" compound that houses government buildings and foreign embassies including that of the United States.
But Abu Ragheef said this was just a rhetorical device.
"He does not mean physically breaching as much as politically (breaching). He wants to convey a sense that the reform revolution is coming your way through the gates of the Green Zone, but not physical gates."
Reporting by Kareem Raheem and Saif Hameed; Writing by Ahmed Rasheed; Editing by Gareth Jones